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CONTROL DE ALERGENOS DE TRANSMISION AEREA COMO MEDIDA DE PREVENCION PRIMARIA Y SECUNDARIA PARA ALERGIAS DE RESPUESTA INMEDIATA

CONTROL DE ALERGENOS DE TRANSMISION AEREA COMO MEDIDA DE PREVENCION PRIMARIA Y SECUNDARIA PARA ALERGIAS DE RESPUESTA INMEDIATA

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Mediante el uso de sistemas de filtración de aire en ambientes internos, la concentración de polen proveniente del exterior puede disminuirse para aliviar los síntomas alérgicos en pacientes predispuestos. Estos filtros no mostraron beneficio respecto de la alergia a ácaros o a alergenos provenientes de mascotas.
brehler9.jpg Autor:
Brehler, Randolf
Columnista Experto de SIIC

Institución:
Department of Dermatology UKM Muenster, Germany


Artículos publicados por Brehler, Randolf
Recepción del artículo
19 de Mayo, 2004
Aprobación
13 de Julio, 2004
Primera edición
22 de Febrero, 2005
Segunda edición, ampliada y corregida
7 de Junio, 2021

Resumen
Antecedentes: La prevalencia de alergias de tipo inmediato aumentó durante las décadas pasadas. Se analizan los conceptos concernientes a la prevención primaria y secundaria de la alergia. Se resumen los resultados de un estudio clínico propio sobre el uso de un sistema de filtrado de aire. Conclusión: Con relación a la prevención primaria de la alergia, la eficacia de evitar el contacto con alergenos genera controversia, y no hay datos disponibles de que la reducción de la exposición a alergenos, especialmente en la niñez, prevenga la alergia. En contraste, se acepta la estrategia de evitar el contacto con alergenos como base para la prevención secundaria en el tratamiento de alergias de tipo inmediato. Como conclusión de nuestro estudio, los sistemas de filtrado de aire son útiles en el tratamiento de pacientes con fiebre de heno.

Palabras clave
Alergia de tipo inmediato, exposición a alergenos, prevención primaria, prevención secundaria


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Abstract
Background: The prevalence of immediate-type allergies increased during the past decades. Concepts of preventing the development of allergy and concepts of secondary allergy prevention are discussed. The results of an own clinical study about the use of a fresh air filtration system are summarized. Conclusion: The efficacy of allergen avoidance for primary allergy prevention is controversy discussed, validated data demonstrating that the reduction of allergen exposure especially in early childhood prevent the development of allergy are not available. In contrast allergen avoidance is still accepted as the basis of secondary prevention in the therapy of immediate-type allergies. As a conclusion of our own study fresh air filter systems are useful in the treatment of patients with hey fever.

Key words
Immediate-type allergy, allergen exposure, primary prevention, secondary prevention


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Clasificación en siicsalud
Artículos originales > Expertos del Mundo >
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Especialidades
Principal: Alergia
Relacionadas: Diagnóstico por Laboratorio, Inmunología, Medicina Interna, Neumonología, Otorrinolaringología, Salud Pública



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Bibliografía del artículo
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