Conceptos Categóricos

Infectología

  PREVENCIÓN DE INFECCIONES EN LAS CIRUGÍAS DE CADERA
Las cirugías de cadera son una de las más frecuentes en la mayoría de los centros hospitalarios con servicio de Ortopedia y Traumatología. Los procesos infecciosos son una de las mayores causas de fracasos en las artroplastias de cadera. Causan un considerable aumento del costo en salud, por lo que debemos entender y tomar conciencia de la importancia de la prevención de estas complicaciones.

Walter Iglesias
Bahia Blanca, Argentina

     
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  DIAGNÓSTICO Y TRATAMIENTO DE LA PROSTATITIS BACTERIANA
Los estudios epidemiológicos demuestran una prevalencia de prostatitis del 5% al 14% de la población general; es una de las patologías urológicas prevalentes en menores de 50 años.

Claudio Terradas
Buenos Aires, Argentina

     
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 acceso_libre_20171204.png ANTHRACOSIS: CAUSE OF BLACK PATCH IN TRACHEA AND BRONCHIAL TREE
Anthracosis is black pigmentation of tracheo-bronchial tree evident on bronchoscopy. We studied 30 cases with and 53 controls without anthracosis. We found that anthracosis patients are more likely to be middle aged to elderly females with history of active or old pulmonary tuberculosis and evidence of fibrosis on CT chest.

Virendra Singh
Jaipur, India

     
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  OCULAR DEMODICIDOSIS AS A RISK FACTOR OF ADULT RECURRENT CHALAZION
This study found that 73% of adult eyes with recurrent chalazion had ocular Demodicidosis. Weekly lid scrub with 50% tea tree oil for 3 consecutive weeks, together with daily lid scrub with tea tree shampoo, was successful in treating Demodicidosis and preventing recurrence in 97% of cases.

Alex Lk Ng
Hong Kong, Hk

  
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acceso_libre_20171204.png GINGIVAL CREVICULAR FLUID: A DIAGNOSTIC MARKER IN HIV POSITIVE PATIENTS
ELISA is the most commonly used test for screening HIV patients. Generally it is found that people are scared of pricking injections, reluctant to give blood sample (quantity), think about cost effectiveness and also causes disturbances their social life. In the present era investigators are searching for alternative to serological testing. Recently it is proved that oral fluids testing can be used as an alternative to blood testing. New investigational devices are introduced like Orasure and others which collects the oral saliva, oral mucosal transudate. In the present study we used calibrated 5 µl disposable microcapillaries so that the uncontaminated gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is obtained. According to Goodson the IgG content of GCF in periodontal pocket is approximately 100 times more than found in saliva and is now widely appreciated that GCF is formed as blood ultrafiltrate. In this study we studied many parameters and reached to the conclusion that GCF can also be of choice instead of serum because of non-invasivensess, painless, low cost effective, less sample, easy collection, safer disposal and better for clinicians because of patients better compliance. The above findings suggestive of GCF being better alternative and better diagnostic medium than serum and saliva so it can be used for detection of HIV.

Prachi Atram
Amravati, In

     
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