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LA RELACION ENTRE EL ESTIGMA Y LOS SINTOMAS DE LOS TRASTORNOS ESQUIZOFRENICOS
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LA RELACION ENTRE EL ESTIGMA Y LOS SINTOMAS DE LOS TRASTORNOS ESQUIZOFRENICOS

(especial para SIIC © Derechos reservados)
Los mayores niveles de estigma se asocian con mayores niveles de síntomas positivos y de malestar emocional, tanto en forma concurrente como prospectiva.
lysaker9.jpg Autor:
Paul H. Lysaker
Columnista Experto de SIIC

Institución:
Indiana University School of Medicine


Artículos publicados por Paul H. Lysaker
Coautores
David Roe* Jamie Ringer** Molly A. Erickson*** Phillip T. Yanos**** 
University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel*
Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Indianápolis, EE.UU.**
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianápolis, EE.UU.***
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Nueva York, EE.UU.****
Recepción del artículo
23 de Marzo, 2010
Aprobación
27 de Agosto, 2010
Primera edición
31 de Agosto, 2010
Segunda edición, ampliada y corregida
7 de Junio, 2021

Resumen
La investigación sugiere que el estigma se comporta como una barrera para la autoestima y el logro de un funcionamiento psicosocial adecuado en las personas con esquizofrenia. Es menos claro cómo las experiencias estigmatizadoras se asocian con los síntomas tanto en forma concurrente como prospectiva. Para evaluar este aspecto se valoraron los síntomas positivos y de malestar emocional mediante la escala para el sindrome positivo y negativo (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale) (PANSS), y la experiencia estigmatizadora mediante la escala del estigma internalizado de la enfermedad mental (Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale), en 75 personas con esquizofrenia en dos momentos separados por 5 meses. Los mayores niveles de estigma se asociaron con mayores niveles de síntomas positivos y de malestar emocional, tanto en forma concurrente como prospectiva. Los síntomas también se asociaron prospectivamente con el grado de estigma. Los resultados de la replicación de hallazgos previos indican que existe una relación estrecha entre la experiencia estigmatizadora y los síntomas. Ambos pueden exacerbarse recíprocamente dando lugar a un círculo vicioso.

Palabras clave
esquizofrenia, estigma, síntomas, desempeño social, calidad de vida


Artículo completo

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Abstract
Research suggests that stigma serves as a barrier to self-esteem and the attainment of adequate psychosocial functioning among persons with schizophrenia. Less clear is how stigma experiences are associated with symptoms both concurrently and prospectively. To study this issue Positive and Emotional discomfort symptoms were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and stigma experience was assessed using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale among 75 persons with schizophrenia at two points five months apart. Greater levels of stigma were associated with greater levels of positive and emotional discomfort symptoms both concurrently and prospectively. Symptoms were also linked prospectively with level of stigma. Result replication previously findings that a close relationship exists between stigma experience and symptoms. Both may exacerbate one another in the manner of a vicious cycle.

Key words
schizophrenia, stigma, symptoms, social function, quality of life


Full text
(english)
para suscriptores/ assinantes

Clasificación en siicsalud
Artículos originales > Expertos del Mundo >
página   www.siicsalud.com/des/expertocompleto.php/

Especialidades
Principal: Salud Mental
Relacionadas: Educación Médica, Medicina Familiar, Salud Pública



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Enviar correspondencia a:
Paul H. Lysaker, Indiana University School of Medicine Roudebush VA Medical Center, IN 46202, 1481 west 10th street, Indianápolis, EE.UU.
Patrocinio y reconocimiento:
Beca del VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Service
Bibliografía del artículo


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